Photocatalytic application of a phosphonate-based metal-organic framework for the removal of bisphenol A under natural sunlight

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Birjand University, Birjand, Iran


Photocatalytic removal of bisphenol A, one of the most widely and emerging pollutants in the aquatic environment, was investigated by advanced oxidation process under natural sunlight. The removal process by a metal-organic framework, synthesized with phosphonic acid ligand, namely STA-12 (Fe) and hydrogen peroxide revealed excellent results. Therefore, the optimal conditions for the degradation of bisphenol A by the photo-Fenton mechanism were studied. The removal process follows the first-order kinetics with respect to the contaminant and a significant synergy was observed in the catalytic system of hydrogen peroxide/sunlight/STA-12 (Fe). The Optimal values for pH, irradiation time, catalyst amount and H2O2 dosage for oxidation of bisphenol A in 30 mg / l aqueous solution were determined to be 5, 90 minutes, 10 mg and 12 μl, respectively. Under these conditions, the best removal efficiency was 79.8%. Also, the mineralization value of organic pollutant was determined to equal 51% by measuring TOC. To determine the most important species that affected the photocatalytic reduction, trapping experiments were carried out, using various kinds of scavengers and the results showed that the hydroxyl radicals (•OH) are the main oxidizing agent in the photocatalytic system and superoxide radical and the holes in the photocatalyst surface are less involved in the process of contaminant degradation. Finally, a probable reaction mechanism has been investigated in detail. In addition, the catalyst has recyclability and stability in the photocatalytic reaction. This study is the first report for application of a phosphonate-based MOF for the removal of an emerging pollutant with a photo-Fenton mechanism and presents a new example of solar-driven advanced oxidation process for the treatment of aquatic sources and environmental protection.


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