Evaluation of the results of chromen drug derivatives and their effect on colon cancer

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran

2 Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran


Cancer is a huge phenomenon in human society that it observe in developing countries and even more developed countries in terms of economic as well. Colon cancer is created by increasing cancer cells that its main reason is the uncontrollable growth of cells in Colon. In this research, two groups of stable chromene compounds which was calculated in the previous study using bioinformatics software selected and their toxicity effect and the kind of cell death that they cause investigated on HT-29 cancer cell line, which is related to colon cancer. Also, toxicity of 2-amino-4-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-oxo-4H,5H-pyrano [2,3-c] chromene -2-carbonitrile (S1), 2-amino-4-(4-bromophenyl)-5-oxo-4H,5H-pyrano [2,3-c] chromene -2-carbonitrile (S2) which had an appropriate stable determined. At concentrations of 1, 2, 3, 5, 10 and 20 μg / ml, a control group was performed on HT-29 cancer cell lines in comparison with the chemotherapeutic drug Campusar with similar concentrations of the chemotherapy drug using MTT assay. Analysis of data was done by statistical software Graphpad Prism 8 and ANOVA test and ultimately, the type of cell death which created by Flow cytometry technique was examined. The results showed that chromium derivatives by causing apoptosis in HT-29 cancer cells could be further studied as a suitable candidate for the effect on colon cancer.


Main Subjects

This is an open access article under the CC-BY-SA 4.0 license.( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/)

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