Diffusion effect of brass electrode tool in electrical discharge machining on the electrochemical and structural characteristics of carbon steel workpiece

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

Faculty of Chemistry, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran

Abstract

In the electric discharge machining process, the material is separated from the surface of the work piece by an electric spark, and in the presence of the dielectric material and tool electrode, changes are made on the surface of the work piece. In this project, we investigated the effect of dielectric material and brass tool electrode diffusion on the surface of carbon steel workpiece by means of quantmetric analysis, X-ray diffraction and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The effect of the parameters such as electric current intensity (I), pulse on time (ton), pulse off time (toff) and machining time (τ) on the composition of work peace, microstructure and electrochemical corrosion of machined work peace, were investigated. The results of quantmetric analysis showed that with the increase of machining parameters, the amount of diffused copper (from brass tool electrode) and carbon (from pyrolysis of flashing dielectric material) on the surface of machined carbon steel was increased. X-ray diffraction results confirmed that the formation of different phases such as Fe1.92C0.08, Cu4, Cu2 and Fe2 on the surface of workpiece, which was accordance with the quantmetric results. Electrochemical studies showed that during the EDM process, the electrochemical corrosion resistance was increased.

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